But what is Oncological Physiotherapy?
Oncological physiotherapy is a specialty that aims to preserve, maintain, develop and restore kinetic-functional systems, as well as prevent, improve and treat the consequences derived from the oncological process. He is part of the multi- and interdisciplinary cancer patient care team along with medical oncologists, surgeons, radiation oncologists, nurses, technicians, social workers, psycho-oncologists, nutritionists, etc.
Oncological physiotherapy is a specialty that treats the consequences of an oncological process, due to the surgery carried out, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Through this branch we seek to improve the patient’s quality of life.
Oncological physiotherapy is used primarily in patients after treatment for breast, uterine, ovarian, prostate, colon, oral and oropharyngeal cancer, sarcomas, melanomas, etc.
The techniques that are frequently used in oncological physiotherapy:
Manual techniques: to treat adhesions and scars, therapeutic massage is also included, which generates a feeling of well-being and relaxation.
Lymphatic therapy: through manual lymphatic drainage and the Godoy method for the treatment of lymphedema secondary to lymph node removal surgeries and/or radiotherapy, this includes the use of bandages and compression containment garments, and exercise programs.
Muscle stretches and joint mobilizations: these help to recover or maintain mobility in the cancer patient.
Kinesitherapy and neurodynamics: Rehabilitation techniques through movement of the neuromusculoskeletal system.
Therapeutic Exercise: With the aim of preventing fatigue and loss of muscle mass, it generates multiple benefits for cancer patients, including a decrease in pain and fatigue, an increase in joint mobility and muscle strength, and improved balance. and postural control, among others.
Respiratory techniques: To improve the respiratory muscles and consequently the ventilatory and oxygenation capacity.
Hydrotherapy: which consists of exercising and applying various techniques in water, within this medium it is easier for the patient to move, noticing considerable relief from pain and heaviness.
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